What is Dolagis?
Dolagis is the trade name of a medicine licensed for dogs that contains carprofen as its active ingredient. Dolagis for dogs is categorised by the veterinary medicines directorate as a prescription-only medicine. This means that Dolagis can only be supplied from a vet or from an online pet pharmacy with a veterinary pet prescription.
How does Dolagis work?
Dolagis belongs to a category of medicines known as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, or NSAIDs. NSAIDs are very useful medicines as they reduce the production of a group of chemicals known as prostaglandins. Prostaglandins formed through the activation of an enzyme known as cyclooxygenase 2 (or COX-2) are involved in processes that can cause pain and inflammation. Dolagis inhibits the activity of the COX-2 enzyme and in doing so reduces much of the pain and discomfort that arises from inflammation. Some prostaglandins however are essential for bodily function, particularly those generated by the action of the COX-1 enzyme. These prostaglandins help support kidney function, are involved with blood clotting mechanisms and also support the health of the gut lining. It is for this reason that dolagis is a selective COX-2 inhibitor and although there is some suppression of COX-1, its main effects are to reduce pain and inflammation.
What is Dolagis used for?
Dolagis is licensed in dogs to help manage pain associated with musculoskeletal disorders such as degenerative joint disease and osteoarthritis. Dolagis for dogs is also used to manage pain following surgery. Because of its powerful anti-inflammatory action, Dolagis for Dogs is an ideal medicine for the control of Arthritis in Dogs. Osteoarthrititis or degenerative joint disease (DJD) is a condition that tends to affect older animals, although can potentially occur at any age. Symptoms of arthritis include lameness, reluctance to jump into the back of the car, or to climb up stairs, swollen and painful joints and sometimes muscle wastage. Symptoms are often particularly more noticeable in the morning or after prolonged periods of rest. Many owners describe their dogs as ‘warming into exercise’ as the lameness tends to improve with exercise. Osteoarthritis is occurs when there is a degradation of cartilage and bone, resulting in the formation of new boney projections known as osteophytes. It is the presence of boney resorption alongside evidence of new bone production that your vet will look for on an XRAY to confirm the diagnosis of arthritis. Younger dogs can also experience DJD if they have developed abnormal joints. Diseases such as osteochondrosis can lead to early arthritis in dogs. Osteochondrosis occurs when there is a failure of cartilage (found within joints) to form bone as the dog develops. This causes the cartilage to become thicker and can cause it to fragment or form flaps. These flaps cause inflammation and pain and progress to arthritis. The elbow, knee, ankle and shoulder joints can all be affected. Other developmental problems such as hip dysplasia, or ligament injuries (e.g. cruciate ligament injury) can also lead to early arthritis due to uneven load bearing.
How is Dolagis administered?
Dolagis for Dogs is available in palatable, brown tablet form. The tablets are flavoured to make process of medicating your dog easier.
Tablets containing 50mg Dolagis and 120mg Dolagis are available.
A Veterinary Pet Prescription is Required for Dolagis
What is Danilon Equidos?
Danilon Equidos is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug very similar to Bute for treatment of pain and inflammation associated with musculoskeletal conditions in the horse eg. osteoarthritic conditions, bursitis, laminitis and soft tissue inflammation. Danilon contains Suxibuzone, which is similar to Bute for Horses, but is sugar coated to make it more palatable. Danilon is also believed to be easier on the Horse's stomach i.e. less risk of ulcers. Danilon is a prescription-only medication and is only available on receipt of a valid veterinary prescription.
How does Danilon for horses work?
Danilon is a prodrug of the non steroidal anti inflammatory drug phenylbutazone (sometimes referred to as bute)?. Danilon is a member of a group of anti-inflammatory medications known as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS). These medicines inhibit enzymes called cyclo-oxygenase or COX 1 and 2 which are involved in protective mechanisms within the body and inducing inflammation respectively. NSAIDs generally aim to be COX-2 selective.
Danilon is more palatable than other pain killing medications and will be readily eaten with the horse's normal hard feed.
What conditions are Danilon equidos used to treat?
Danilon is an effective teatment for inflammatory pain. Common causes of inflammation in horses are osteoarthritis or degenerative joint disease, laminitis, bursitis, ligament or tendon sprains and strains. Danilon is also useful for treating post-operative pain or as pain relief following wounds and injuries.
A Veterinary Prescription is required for Danilon
Danilon Equidos is a medication for horses that is used to treat muscular pain and inflammation, such as that which can occur as part of conditions such as laminitis, osteoarthritis, bursitis and soft tissue inflammations. Danilon is classed as a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, or NSAID.
Danilon comes in powder form, in individual sachets for addition to food.
More about Danilon
The active ingredient in Danilon is called Suxibuzone, which is a prodrug of phenylbutazone, meaning that when Danilon is administered it is inactive, becoming activated by the horse’s normal digestive and metabolic processes.
Suxibuzone is metabolised by the liver, turning it into a form of phenylbutazone and oxyphenbutazone, both of which are effective anti-inflammatory and analgesic agents. Administration of Danilon as opposed to phenylbutazone itself has been shown to potentially produce less incidences of stomach upsets and digestive problems in horses prescribed such medications.
The action of Danilon is anti-inflammatory to reduce swelling, analgesic to reduce pain, and antipyretic to reduce inflammation, making it highly effective in the treatment and management of conditions and injuries that present with a range of different exacerbating factors, such as laminitis and osteoarthritic conditions.
How is Danilon administered?
Danilon is provided in powder form in sealed sachets, for addition to feed. The dosage guidelines for Danilon are as follows:
Using Danilon in Horses:
For a horse weighing 480kg, give two sachets twice per day for the initial two days of treatment. Following this, administer one sachet twice per day for another three days. After this time, administer one sachet once per day, or one sachet every other day, at the minimum dose necessary to provide relief.
Using Danilon in Ponies:
Ponies should be administered around half of the recommended dose of that for horses, adjusted to take into account the weight of the pony.
For a pony weighing 240kg, give one sachet daily for the initial two days, then half a sachet daily for another three days, or one sachet per day on alternate days. After the initial treatment period, reduce dosage to the lowest possible level to provide relief.
If less than one sachet is used per dose, use the provided measuring scoop to correctly measure out the right dosage. Hay should not be fed with Danilon, nor immediately prior to its administration, as hay can delay the absorption of Suxibuzone by the body, delaying its effectiveness.
If treatment with Danilon does not generate a marked improvement in condition within five days of beginning treatment, the treatment should be reviewed by your vet.
What are the advantages of Danilon?
Danilon is easy to administer to horses, and is generally well received when mixed into food. Because Danilon comes in powder form, dosages can be adjusted easily in order to fine-tune the treatment to suit the needs of each individual horse or pony.
Danilon’s active ingredient is activated by metabolism, which leads to a reduced risk of gastrointestinal side effects when compared to other forms of phenylbutazone delivery.
What horses can be given Danilon?
Danilon should only be given to the horse or pony for which it has been prescribed, and should be dosed carefully and given in accordance with your vet’s guidance.
Danilon should not be administered to horses or ponies taking part in competition, due to regulations regarding the use of phenylbutazone-based medications in competitive sport.
Danilon should not be given to horses intended for human consumption, and if Danilon has been administered, international equine passport legislation requires that the horse in question must be formally declared as such.
Water should be freely available to horses treated with Danilon, and treatment with Danilon should be avoided in horses that are dehydrated, hypotensive or hypovolemic, or classed as being at risk of renal failure. Danilon should not be prescribed to horses diagnosed with hepatic, renal or cardiac disorders, or those that may have gastrointestinal ulcers or bleeds.
The potential risk factors of Danilon are increased in horses under the age of twelve weeks or those that are elderly, and special care should be taken when treating such horses. Effective treatment with the minimal risk of problems depends heavily on ensuring that the right dose is calculated and administered correctly for each individual horse’s bodyweight, and that they are carefully monitored and their dosage reduced when possible.
How can I get Danilon?
Danilon is a POM-V medication, meaning that it is only available with a prescription from your veterinary surgeon. Your vet will assess the condition of your horse or pony and the underlying condition that necessitates the prescription of NSAIDs, and make an informed decision on the best medication to proceed with.
Once your vet has provided you with a prescription for Danilon, this can be used to purchase the medication online, and Danilon should then be administered in strict accordance with the guidance provided on the packaging, and any additional caveats that your veterinary surgeon has provided for you.
Emeprid is used for the symptomatic treatment of vomiting and reduced gastro-intestinal motility associated with gastritis, pyloric spasm, chronic nephritis and digestive intolerance to some drugs in dogs and cats
Emeprid contains the active ingredient metoclopramide and is available in the following strengths: 125ml Emeprid
A Veterinary Pet Prescription is required for Emeprid
What is Epiphen?
Epiphen for Dogs is the trade name for a drug called Phenobarbital. This drug is categorised in the UK as a scheduled drug (schedule 3). This means that there are special regulations concerning the supply of this medication. For this reason, we must receive the original, written Epiphen prescription from your vet (no faxes or scans permitted). The prescription must be received within 28 days of it being written and vets are obliged to only supply the minimum quantity of Epiphen required. No repeats are authorised on these prescriptions.
How does Epiphen work?
There are two main ways in which Epiphen is though to work to control Epilepsy in Dogs. The first is due to a reduction in the transmission of nerve impulses through the brain (known as monosynaptic transmission). The second mechanism is thought to be through an increase in the tolerance of the brain to electrical stimulation (known as an increased seizure threshold). Epiphen is rapidly absorbed by the body following oral dosing and reaches the maximal level between 4-8 hours after medicating. Each individual animal will have different requirements in terms of the epiphen dosage and often small, incremental adjustments in dose will need to be made. It takes some time for the level of phenobarbital to reach a steady state in the blood stream and it is for this reason that your vet will usually need to take several blood samples from your dog once the treatment is started. Your vet will also want to check your pet’s liver function and liver enzymes throughout treatment to ensure the medicine is being well tolerated.
What is Epiphen used for?
Epiphen is licensed in dogs to treat a condition known as epilepsy. Epilepsy is a condition that happens due to abnormal electrical activity within the brain. This disorganised electrical activity causes seizures. There are different kinds of seizures but the most common type are known as tonic-clonic seizures where there is loss of consciousness. These are also sometimes referred to as ‘fits’. Your vet will have performed an examination and possibly further testing upon your pet to confirm the diagnosis and to rule out other causes of collapse such as heart disease. Occasionally forms of advanced imaging will be required to look directly at the brain, including MRI scans. Your Vet will decide the most appropriate form of test and treatment for your dog and much will depend on the individual case. Generally, most dogs will respond well to Epiphen with minimal side effects.
For many patients, Epiphen is a life-saving medicine that can help prevent the health problems and distress that follow repeated seizures. It is essential that you follow the advice given by your vet when using this drug: devastating seizures can follow if the medicine is suddenly stopped or changes in dose made without consulting a vet.
How is Epiphen administered?
Epiphen is administered orally, with or without food. Epiphen is also sometimes given alongside other medications such as Potassium Bromide (Libromide). Occasionally human medicines such as Gabapentin or Keppra can be used, particularly in some moderate to severe cases or in situations where epiphen is not being tolerated well.
Available in strengths of 30mg Epiphen and 60mg Epiphen. The tablets are white in colour.
A Veterinary Prescription is Required for Epiphen and must be posted to us as Epiphen is a controlled drug
Epilepsy in dogs
Epilepsy is a neurological condition that involves fitting or seizures that happen repeatedly, due to abnormalities or chemical imbalances in the brain that lead to electrical storms of activity. Epilepsy in dogs can present as a loss of consciousness and fits, but for some dogs, seizures can be very minor and almost unnoticeable. Few things are more frightening for dog owners than witnessing their dog undergoing a seizure, particularly for the first time, and while the condition can be a serious one, it is often generally manageable with medication.
In this article, we will look at epilepsy in dogs in more detail, including what happens during the seizures themselves, and the care and management of the condition.
Epileptic seizures in dogs
There are two different types of epileptic seizures, known as petit mal and grand mal respectively.
Petit mal seizures are the more minor of the two types, and as such are sometimes overlooked, or not even recognised as a seizure at all. During a petit mal seizure, the dog will appear catatonic for a few seconds, losing their conscious awareness of their surroundings almost as if they are daydreaming, but without any associated fitting.
Grand mal seizures are known as tonic-clonic seizures, and these are the more dramatic, major presentation of the condition that are often accompanied by spasms, fitting, unconsciousness and a longer period of time needed afterwards for the dog to fully recover.
Either type of seizure can vary considerably in terms of their presentation, longevity and recurrence rate; some dogs may suffer from regular seizures, while others may be afflicted only a couple of times a year.
Treatment options for canine epilepsy
If your dog has a grand mal seizure or you know or suspect that they have undergone the more minor petit mal seizures, you must take your dog along to the vet for diagnosis, testing and treatment. If you can film your dog having an attack, this can be very helpful to show to your vet, to demonstrate what happens when your dog has a seizure.
Once your vet has diagnosed your dog with epilepsy, they may wish to keep them in the clinic for a few days to monitor them and run some tests, before recommending treatment with various anti-seizure medications such as Pexion, Epiphen or Libromide, all of which are designed for ongoing use to reduce the severity and occurrence rate of your dog’s seizures.
Your vet will also work with you to identify any patterns in your dog’s seizure presentation, any potential triggers, and how to manage the attacks themselves and their recovery.
Epilepsy cannot be cured per se, and may have a hereditary element to it, and so affected dogs should not be used for breeding. With the correct medication for the condition, many epileptic dogs can lead otherwise normal lives in good health, and manage their seizures and recovery without these things having a significant negative impact on the rest of their lives.
Once your dog has been diagnosed with epilepsy, it is important that you keep a record of your dog’s seizures and learn to recognise their patterns, and some of the warning signals that can present before a seizure is likely to occur.
When you suspect that a seizure is in the offing, ensure that the environment around your dog is safe and comfortable, with enough room for your dog to fit without risking injury. Do not restrain, hold down or intervene when your dog is fitting, but do try to protect your dog from hitting their head on the floor or walls. Make sure that your dog can breathe without problems and is not choking on their tongue, but never put your hand in the mouth of a fitting dog, as they may inadvertently bite you.
When your dog is recovering from a seizure, stay with them and comfort them until they return to full consciousness. Do not give them treats or food until they are fully conscious, but offer them water once they are able to drink unaided.
Your dog’s epilepsy medications should be reviewed periodically by your vet to ensure that they are still proving effective, and are the best fit for your dog. If one medication seems to be failing or not really working out for your dog, there are alternatives, which is one of the reasons why keeping a diary of your dog’s seizures is so important. It is also worth noting that as your dog ages, their seizures may become more severe or occur more frequently, and so building up a good relationship with your vet and maintaining the consistency of their care is important.
Never stop or change the medications provided for your dog without first consulting with your vet, and speak to your vet if you have any concerns about your dog’s health unrelated to their epileptic condition.
Enacard is used for the treatment of mild, moderate and severe congestive heart failure in dogs caused by mitral regurgitation or dilated cardiomyopathy as an adjunctive therapy with diuretics. For improved exercise tolerance and increased survival in dogs with mild, moderate and severe heart failure.
Enacard contains the active ingredient Enalapril maleate and is available in the following strengths: 1mg Enacard, 2.5mg Enacard, 5mg Enacard, 10mg Enacard and 20mg Enacard
A Veterinary Pet Prescription is required for Enacard
What is Equipalazone?
Equipalazone is the trade name for a drug called Phenylbutazone. Some people refer to equipalazone as ‘Bute’. Equipalazone ?is licensed for use in horses and is categorised in the UK as a POM-V or prescription-only medicine. This means that there are special regulations concerning the supply of this medication. For this reason, we must receive a prescription from your equine Vet before being able to dispense the medication.
How does Equipalazone work?
Equipalazone or bute falls under a category of medicines known as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, or NSAIDs. NSAIDs work by blocking the production of chemicals known as prostaglandins. Prostaglandins are actually essential for the health and well-being of all horses as they promote blood clotting mechanisms (through their influence on platelet function), kidney function (prostaglandins can increase the blood flow to the kidney) and protect the gastro-intestinal system. These protective prostaglandins are produced by an enzyme called cyclooxygenase 1 (or COX-1). However, another role that prostaglandins have is to cause pain, inflammation and fever (a higher than normal body temperature). It is these, less desirable prostaglandins (produced by the cyclooxygenase 2 or COX-2 pathway) that cause discomfort and distress for horses and the aim of equipalazone or bute is to reduce this pain, fever and inflammation.
What is Equipalazone used for?
Equipalazone is licensed in horses to treat painful and inflammatory conditions affecting the muscles and soft-tissues, bones and joints. Bute can also be given following an operation where the surgery is anticipated to reduce pain and discomfort and is useful in the management of certain types of colic (abdominal pain). Probably the most common reason horses are started on Equipalazone is for degenerative joint disease, such as Osteoarthritits in horses (Arthritis in Horses). Arthritis is a disease that can affect any joint and happens as a result of normal forces being loaded through an abnormal joint, or due to abnormal forces being transmitted through a normal joint. For example, horses that have been used for intensive riding and jumping throughout their life, will often develop symptoms of arthritis in their hocks, something referred to as bone spavin. Horses can also commonly develop arthritis in their fetlocks, pastern and coffin joints, and less commonly in their stifles and spine. Osteoarthritis is an inflammatory disease and occurs when there is degeneration of cartilage and bone. This causes the formation of new boney protrusions and these spurs of new bone are called ostophytes. It is the combination of inflammation and irregular new bone formation that causes arthritic pain. Symptoms of arthritis can include lameness, reduced performance, changes in behaviour and sometimes swollen joints. The diagnosis of arthritis is often made through an examination by a vet and XRAYs are a useful tool to demonstrate the presence of boney resorption and osteophytosis. Equipalazone is also often used for inflammatory conditions involving soft tissues such as muscle, tendons and ligaments. Laminitis, an extremely painful condition causing foot pain is also often effectively managed using equipalazone. Often through a combination of rest and bute, soft tissue injuries can be allowed to heal and many horses are able to resume a healthy working life.
How is Equipalazone administered?
Equipalazone can be administered by injection, usually directly into the jugular vein, but can also be given orally. Equipalazone is available in 1g powder sachets, and also as 1g pastes. The powders are usually mixed with food before being fed to horses and the pastes can be placed directly into the horses’ mouth.
A Veterinary Prescription is Required for Equipalazone
What is Felimazole?
Felimazole Tablets are sugar-coated biconvex tablets, 5.5 mm in diameter and contain the active ingredient Thiamazole (Methimazole)
How does Felimazole work?
Felimazole Tablets for Cats reduces the amount of thyroid hormone produced by the thyroid gland.
What is Felimazole used for?
Felimazole tablets are given to cats to control hyperthyroidism in cats. Hyperthyroidism is a common condition in older cats and is due to overproduction of thyroid hormones from the thyroid glands. A pair of these glands are present in either side of the neck and are usually very small. Symptoms of hyperthyroidism include increased size of the thyroid glands, weight loss, an increased appetite, intreased thirst and urination, hyperactivity and occasionally gastrointestinal symptoms such as vomiting or diarrhoea. Occasionally, cats with hyperthyroidism may develop heart, kidney or eye disease. Felimazole tablets are safe and effective in the treatment of hyperthyroidism in cats and can only be prescribed by a Vet. In hyperthyroidism, one or both glands become very much enlarged, often becoming easy to feel. Felimazole tablets contain the drug thiamazole which suppresses the amount of thyroid hormones released. Felimazole is indicated for both the stabilisation of feline hyperthyroidism prior to surgical thyroidectomy and for the long-term treatment of feline hyperthyroidism. The purpose of the drug is to control excessive production of thyroid hormones.
How is Felimazole Administered?
Felimazole tablets are given by mouth. Methimazole, the active ingredient, is very bitter. Felimazole comes as a coated tablet for ease of administration. Do not break or crush the tablet. Always follow the dosage instructions provided by your Vet. If you have difficulty giving the medication, contact your Vet for advice. Wash hands with soap and water after giving the medication.
Blood levels of thyroid hormone will be checked by your Vet at regular intervals, and the dose of Felimazole increased or decreased as needed. The lowest effective dose should be used.
Felimazole Tablets are available in the following strengths: 2.5mg Felimazole and 5mg Felimazole
A Veterinary Pet Prescription is Required for Felimazole
Florinef is used for the treatment of Addison's disease (hypoadrenocorticism) in dogs and cats
Florinef contains the active ingredient Fludrocortisone and is available in the following strengths: 0.1mg Florinef
Buy Florinef for Dogs at VetDispense
A Veterinary Pet Prescription is required for Florinef
Fortekor tablets are indicated for the treatment of heart failure in dogs and chronic renal insufficiency in cats.
The active ingredient of Fortekor is Benazepril. Fortekor is available in 2.5mg, 5mg and 20mg Tablets Fortekor reduces the constriction of both arteries and veins (and so lowers blood pressure and improves kidney function), reduces the retention of sodium and water by the kidney (something that contributes to the signs of heart failure) and helps to prevent some of the changes that occur to the anatomy of the heart in cases of heart failure.
In Dogs with Heart Failure, Fortekor reduces the blood pressure and volume load on the heart. Fortekor produces an extension of the life span and also improves clinical signs, notably reduction in coughing, and improvement to the quality of life.
In Cats with Chronic Renal Insufficiency Fortekor reduces the protein loss in urine and reduces systemic and intraglomerular blood pressure. Fortekor increases the appetite, quality of life and survival time of the cats, particularly in advanced disease.
Fortekor should be given orally once daily, with or without food. The duration of treatment is unlimited. The dose of Fortekor may be doubled, still administered once daily, if judged clinically necessary and advised by the veterinary surgeon.
A Veterinary Prescription is required for Fortekor
How ACE inhibitors work
ACE inhibitors are a form of medication for the control of high blood pressure, and the treatment of kidney disease and cardiovascular disease. Studies have proven that correctly used, ACE inhibitors can prolong the life of dogs with heart failure, improving their quality of life and reducing their associated symptoms. ACE inhibitors are generally prescribed for dogs with heart conditions, or for cats with chronic renal insufficiency.
More about ACE inhibitors
ACE stands for “angiotensin-converting-enzyme” (inhibitor) and medications of this type were first approved for use in people, before being trialled and tested as a veterinary drug for dogs and cats.
ACE inhibitors were initially approved for the treatment of hypertension, but were later found to be helpful in the treatment and management of other conditions of the heart and kidneys, including heart attack, cardiac failure, and the kidney complications of feline diabetes. ACE inhibitors can help to prolong healthy kidney function in the case of cats with chronic kidney failure and systemic sclerosis of the renal tissue.
When used to treat heart failure, Fortekor is usually prescribed in combination with other medications, such as beta blockers, but may be prescribed alone.
Some commonly prescribed ACE inhibitors for dogs include Cardalis, Benazecare and Fortekor, while both Fortekor and another product called Benefortin may be prescribed for either cats or dogs.
How do ACE inhibitors work?
The primary action of ACE inhibitors is to stop the body from producing a hormone called angiotensin II. In order to do this, ACE inhibitors block the chemical enzyme that converts angiotensin II in the body, which has a range of positive effects in the animal being treated. The main actions of the medication is to relax the blood vessels to decrease blood pressure, and to reduce the amount of water absorbed by the kidneys.
The body maintains and regulates blood pressure in two different ways: the first is by the resistance of the blood vessels themselves, which is increased when the vessels constrict, and reduced when they dilate. The second depends on how much blood the heart is pumping, which is known as the cardiac output.
The figure for any given pet’s blood pressure is the result of these two things, and so will be high if the heart is pumping hard and the vessels are constricted, or low if the heart is circulating blood at a low rate, and the vessels are dilated.
Fortekor works by targeting both the blood vessels and the rate at which the heart pumps blood, and this is how ACE inhibitors can help with heart problems and blood pressure.
When it comes to the kidneys, the action of ACE inhibitors can also help. Blood is made up of both red blood cells and plasma, a type of fluid, and the kidneys control how much of this plasma is retained within the bloodstream, and how much is passed out as waste in the urine. If the kidneys retain plasma, this increases the amount present in the blood, and so, the volume of the blood in the body itself rises too.
When the kidneys identify a drop in blood pressure, they release a substance called renin into the bloodstream, which works with another chemical to form angiotensin I. Then, enzymes affect angiotensin I to convert it into angiotensin II, which is the hormone mentioned above. Angiotensin II helps to constrict blood vessels, allow the kidneys to reabsorb plasma, and releases a hormone called aldosterone, which itself contributes to water absorption by the kidneys.
All of these things serve once more to constrict the blood vessels, and increase blood pressure.
Fortekor prevents angiotensin I from converting into angiotensin II, reducing the amount of angiotensin II in the body that is available to cause the blood vessels to dilate. This in turn leads to the amount of plasma fluid returned to the body by the kidneys decreasing, reducing blood pressure.
What animals may be prescribed ACE inhibitors?
Fortekor can be prescribed for dogs or cats, and are given in oral tablet form. ACE inhibitors come under various brand names, but all are POM-V medications, meaning that they can only be dispensed with a veterinary prescription.
Fortekor may be prescribed for dogs with various types of cardiovascular diseases including chronic heart failure or congestive heart failure, and hypertension or high blood pressure.
Fortekor may be prescribed for cats with renal problems, such as chronic kidney disease, renal failure or the potential kidney-related complications of feline diabetes mellitus.
Are there any side effects?
The usage of Fortekor in dogs and cats is well studied and tested, and such medications are usually well tolerated with few to no side effects. However, like any medication, some side effects can present in your pet, particularly during the early stages of treatment.
Keep an eye out for symptoms such as vomiting and diarrhoea, low blood pressure, dizziness and gastrointestinal disturbances. Always speak to your vet if you have any concerns, and do not stop giving the medication without your vet’s advice.
Forthyron has now been renamed Thyforon...
Frontline Combo is used against infestations with fleas ticks and/or biting lice in cats and dogs
Frontline Combo contains the active ingredients Fipronil and (S)-methoprene and is available in the following strengths: Frontline Combo for cats, Frontline Combo for small dogs, Frontline Combo for medium dogs, Frontline Combo for large dogs and Frontline Combo for extra large dogs.
A Veterinary Pet Prescription is required for Frontline Combo
Frontline Spray is used for the treatment and prevention of flea and tick infestations in cats and dogs
Frontline Spray contains the active ingredient Fipronil and is available in the following sizes: 100ml Frontline Spray, 250ml Frontline Spray and 500ml Frontline Spray
A Veterinary Pet Prescription is required for Frontline Spray
Frusecare is a potent ‘loop’ diuretic used in the treatment of oedema. Conditions suitable for treatment include pulmonary oedema and hepatic or renal dysfunction
Frusecare contains the active ingredient frusemide (also called furosemide) and is available in the following strength: 40mg Frusecare
A Veterinary Pet Prescription is required for Frusecare
What is Fuciderm?
Fuciderm is available as a topical ointment or gel that can be applied to the skin of dogs. Fuciderm contains the active ingredients fucidic acid and betamethasone. Fuciderm for dogs is classified as a prescription only medication, or POM-V. This means that Fuciderm gel can only be dispensed by an online pet pharmacy such as ourselves upon receipt of a valid vet prescription.
How does Fuciderm work?
Fuciderm contains both an antibiotic: fusidic acid, and an anti-inflammatory steroid – betamethasone. Fusidic acid is known as a bacteriostatic antibiotic. This group of antibiotics prevent bacteria from producing proteins. This in turn prevents bacterial replication and maintains a much lower bacterial population. The inability of bacteria to replicate means that the immune system is much more able to tackle the infection itself and deal effectively with the infection. The following bacteria are most significantly affected by Fuciderm?: Staphylococcus aureus, some staphylococci, Beta-hemolytic streptococci, Corynebacterium, and most clostridium species. Betamethasone is known as a glucocorticoid corticosteroid. Corticosteroids are used on the skin (topically) in order to reduce the inflammatory response that usually accompanies infection. Inflammation causes itchiness, reddening of the skin and sometimes pain. It is often these responses that cause animals to lick, rub or nibble incessantly at affected skin causing further damage.
What is Fuciderm used for?
Fuciderm is applied to skin to control infections. Often, fuciderm is used to treat a condition known as wet eczema a ‘hot spot’. These are areas of skin infection that can appear in any location upon a dog. They are often heavily infected with bacteria and can spread rapidly, often within a matter of hours. The skin typically appears wet – often with the dog’s saliva as a result of licking and also due to the exudate produced in response to infection. There may also be an unpleasant smell coming from the affected area and the underlying skin may seem red and ‘angry’ looking. Sometimes the dog will seem very uncomfortable if touched in the region of the infection. If your pet has any of these symptoms it is essential that you seek the advice of your vet who will rule out other potential causes of skin irritation. Often, within 48 hours of applying fuciderm for dogs, the skin will appear much improved and start to dry out. Sometimes oral antibiotics may be required in addition to fuciderm to combat an extensive infection.
How is Fuciderm administered?
Fuciderm gel or ointment is applied topically – directly to the skin. It is important that gloves are worn when applying the gel as it contains a steroid. It is also important that your pet does not lick the gel off following application, and it may be necessary to use an Elizabethan collar.
Fuciderm is available as a 5g, 15g or 30g gel.
A Veterinary Prescription is Required for Fuciderm
Frusemide Tablets (Also spelled Furosemide) are a potent 'loop' diuretic used in the treatment of congestive heart failure and oedema. Conditions suitable for treatment with Frusemide include pulmonary oedema and hepatic or renal dysfunction
Frusemide contains the active ingredient 'Frusemide' and is available in the following strengths: 20mg Frusemide and 40mg Frusemide
A Veterinary Pet Prescription is required for Frusemide
Fucithalmic Eye Drops contain the ingredient Fusidic Acid and belongs to a group of medicines called anti-infectives.
A Veterinary Prescription is Required BEFORE we can dispense Fucithalmic?
Fucithalmic is a type of antibiotic. Fucithalmic works by killing germs (bacteria) that cause infections. Fucithalmic is an eye drop medicine used to treat infections of the eyes caused by germs (bacterial conjunctivitis). Fucithalmic prevents the bacteria from producing proteins that are essential to them. Without these proteins the bacteria cannot grow, replicate and increase in numbers.
Fucithalmic therefore stops the spread of infection and remaining bacteria are killed by the body's immune system or eventually die.
A Veterinary Prescription is Required BEFORE we can dispense Fucithalmic