What is Vivitonin?
Vivitonin tablets for dogs contain the xanthine derivative propentofylline as an active ingredient. Vivitonin is classified as a prescription only medicine or POM-V and as such, is only available from us with a prescription from your Vet. Online pet pharmacies like ourselves are only allowed to dispense prescription only medicines upon receipt of a valid prescription, written by your vet. This is to ensure that the medicine is used correctly and to safeguard the health and welfare of your pet.
How does Vivitonin work?
Vivitonin increases blood flow within the heart and skeletal muscle. Vivitonin tablets for dogs also increase blood flow to the brain and in doing so, increase the amount of oxygen being supplied. Vivitonin tablets are able to increase the heart rate and also the force of contraction of the heart muscle.
There is also evidence that Vivitonin may reduce the occurrence of abnormal heart rhythms (also know as arrhythmias) in dogs that have sustained damage to the heart muscle.
Vivitonin can also cause dilation of the airways that supply oxygen to the lungs (acting as a bronchodilator). In doing so, the level of oxygen within the blood stream increases and animals often are more interested in exercise and are able to exercise for longer. Vivitonin is able to inhibit platelet aggregation and reduce the formation of blood clots or thrombi that in some situations can be extremely harmful.
What is Vivitonin used for?
Vivitonin is most frequently used in older dogs that have shown a reduction in their willingness to exercise. Often dogs that have become dull and listless with a poor demeanor will show a marked improvement following dosing with Vivitonin. Often, exercise levels will increase markedly, both in terms of a general willingness to exercise and an overall improvement in exercise tolerance.
Vivitonin Tablets are also occasionally used by vets and veterinary cardiologists for the treatment of heart disease, in particular, for the treatment of an abnormal heart rhythm and in situations where improved blood circulation is desirable. In these circumstances, vivitonin may well be given alongside other medications used to control the symptoms of heart failure. It is important that you seek veterinary advice should your pet show signs of reduced exercise tolerance and lethargy. There are a number of possible causes of these symptoms and your vet will be able to guide you toward the most effective treatment.
How is Vivitonin administered?
Vivitonin is available in tablet form and is administered orally.
Vivitonin is available as: Vivitonin 50mg tablets and Vivitonin 100mg tablets
A Veterinary Pet Prescription is Required for Vivitonin
What is Vidalta?
Vidalta tablets for cats contain the active ingredient, carbimazole. Vidalta medication is licensed for the treatment of hyperthyroidism in cats. Vidalta is a POM-V (Prescription only medicine) category medicine that is only available with a written pet prescription from your vet. Online pet pharmacies are only able to supply this medicine upon receipt of the valid prescription.
How does Vidalta work?
As mentioned, Vidalta contains carbimazole. After carbimazole is absorbed, it is converted to an active form: methimazole. Methimazole stops the enzyme responsible for the production thyroxine from working. Vidalta tablets for cats are usually given only once daily.
What is Vidalta used for?
Vidalta for Cats is used to treat a condition known as hyperthyroidism. Hyperthyroidism is a condition that tends to affect older cats (often older than 13 years of age) and is caused by an over production of the hormone thyroxine by the thyroid gland. In the cat, two thyroid glands are found in the neck, either side of the wind pipe (trachea). It is not possible to feel these glands in normal cats as they are very small and are hidden by soft-tissue structures in the neck.
In some cats, one or both of these glands will increase in size and start producing too much thyroxine. This causes cats to show a number of symptoms including: weight loss, increased appetite (polyphagia), increased frequency and volume of defaecation, increased drinking and urination (polydipsia & polyuria), hyperactivity: cats can become more agitated and restless, occasional vomiting and/or episodes of diarrhoea, high heart rates, high blood pressure which may cause problems with vision and poor coat quality.
Very occasionally, cats may show symptoms including depression, lethargy and breathing problems.
If your cat shows some of the symptoms of hyperthyroidism, you should visit your vet who will perform a thorough examination, take a blood sample and may arrange blood pressure testing. In the majority of cases of hyperthyroidism, the thyroxine (or T4) result will be elevated. Your vet will also usually check the renal and liver values for any evidence of kidney or liver problems before starting treatment. If you and your vet decide to use Vidalta tablets for the control of hyperthyroidism in the long term, your vet may wish to collect occasional blood samples to test the level of thyroxin within your cat’s blood stream. Occasionally the level may be too high or too low and adjustments in dose may need to be made. Your vet may also check the cat’s renal values (urea and creatinine) to ensure that the kidneys are coping well with the treatment regime. Occasionally vidalta will be used to stabilise cats for around one month prior to surgery (thyroidectomy). This is an important step and ensures that your pet is well-prepared to undergo surgery. It is important that every dose is given.
How is Vidalta administered?
Vidalta is administered orally. The medication should be kept out of reach of children and anyone handling the medication should wear gloves. In addition, vidalta tablets for cats should never be crushed up.
Vidalta is available as reddish/pink-tinged cylindrical tablets in the following strengths: 10mg Vidalta and 15mg Vidalta.
A Veterinary Pet Prescription is Required for Vidalta
Hyperthyroidism is the term used to refer to an over activity of the body’s thyroid gland, which is located in the neck and produces important hormones that regulate metabolism to turn your cat’s food into fuel. The condition is reasonably common within cats, and can occur for a variety of different reasons, as well as having a range of fairly wide-reaching negative effects on the body. Fortunately, however, hyperthyroidism in the cat can usually be managed successfully by means of medication, allowing affected cats to live a long and otherwise healthy life.
What causes hyperthyroidism?
The cat has two thyroid glands, and in the vast majority of cases of hyperthyroidism, both of them are affected by the condition. Generally, hyperthyroidism is caused by an enlargement of the thyroid glands, which usually come about due to benign tumours or abnormal developments around the glands. Precisely what causes such changes to occur is unknown, but in a very rare cases (around 1% of all diagnosis of hyperthyroidism) a malignant thyroid tumour is the cause of the problem; however, generally, hyperthyroidism is a simple hormonal imbalance, which does not have an underlying malignancy at the root of it.
Are certain types of cats particularly prone to hyperthyroidism?
Hyperthyroidism can theoretically affect any cat, regardless of their age, sex or breed. However, it is most common in elderly cats over the age of ten, and is highly unlikely to occur in cats below the age of seven.
What are the symptoms of hyperthyroidism in cats?
The symptoms of hyperthyroidism in the cat can be variable in terms of their presentation and degree of severity, and so it is a good idea to familiarise yourself with some of the common indications of the condition so that you stand a good chance of spotting its development. The most common symptoms of hyperthyroidism in cats are:
• Unexplained weight loss, which is often acute.
• A hearty appetite, or increased desire for food.
• Excessive thirst.
• A tendency to hyperactivity or restlessness.
• An elevated heart rate.
• A poor condition coat, which may be dry, dull or otherwise look unkempt.
• Intolerance of heat.
• Mild diarrhoea and/or vomiting with no other obvious cause.
• While the above symptoms are the classical indications of hyperthyroidism, in some cases, affected cats may display the opposite of these symptoms, such as loss of appetite, lethargy and weakness.
If you suspect that your cat is suffering from hyperthyroidism, it is important to take them along to the vet to get checked out, and receive a formal diagnosis. Because hyperthyroidism shares symptoms with several other conditions, including diabetes and kidney problems, your vet will usually need to run a range of tests including blood and urine panels to make a definitive diagnosis of the problem.
An additional issue that can arise with diagnosis is the fact that hyperthyroidism most commonly occurs in old age, and as such, a range of other conditions may also be developing within the cat as a side effect of natural aging, making the chances of a misdiagnosis higher than normal.
Can hyperthyroidism be treated?
Once your cat has been definitively diagnosed with hyperthyroidism, the good news is that the condition can usually be managed very effectively. Hyperthyroidism cannot be cured per se, as there is no way of forcing the body to produce less of the thyroid hormones that are causing the condition, but a range of different medications are available to manage the condition on an ongoing basis.
Exactly what form of treatment your vet decides will be best for your cat can vary, but some of the most common medications and treatment options include:
• An oral medication called Felimazole is the most commonly prescribed medication for feline hyperthyroidism, and this is generally the option of choice and the most effective medication for most cats. Felimazole will usually produce a marked improvement in affected cats within just a couple of weeks, although a small proportion of cats (around 10%) do not take well to the medication, suffering from a range of side effects such as vomiting and lethargy, although these side effects usually lessen with time.
• Another option is a medication called Vidalta, which is an alternative to Felimazole, and this medication may be indicated if the side effects of Felimazole are particularly problematic for your cat, and do not lessen with time.
• For cats for whom Felimazole or Vidalta proves to be unsuitable, or for cats that refuse to take regular oral medications, surgical removal of the thyroid glands is another option, and this can remove the need for daily medications after the problem is resolved.
• A third option is treatment with radioactive iodine therapy, injected directly into the thyroid gland to destroy the tissue causing the hyperactivity. While this treatment is a one-off non-surgical solution, it can also prove very costly to administer, and may require referral to a specialist veterinary clinic, as not all general practices are able to offer the treatment.
Vetmedin (Pimobendan) is available in 5mg Vetmedin Capsules and both 5mg Vetmedin Tablets and 1.25mg Vetmedin Tablets. Vetmedin is a drug that is often prescribed for dogs to treat a range of heart conditions such as Congestive Heart Failure in Dogs and is associated with significantly improved survival times.
How Does Vetmedin Work?
Vetmedin Tablets and Capsules open up, or dilate the blood vessels that carry blood to and from the heart. This means that your dog's heart doesn't have to work quite as hard to supply the body with oxygen. Vetmedin also improves the ability of your dog's heart to act as a pump and improves the contractility of the heart muscle.
How will Vetmedin Help my Dog?
Both Vetmedin tablets and capsules can help reduce the signs of congestive heart failure in dogs, lead to a less tired and more active dog and significantly increase the lifespan of dogs in congestive heart failure. Owners generally report that their dog's quality of live dramatically improves following treatment with Vetmedin. A recent global trial called QUEST showed how Vetmedin can help prolong the life of dogs suffering from heart failure relating to underlying mitral valve disease. Another study documented the way in which Vetmedin can prolong the life of Dobermans, suffering from dilated hearts (or DCM).
Are there any side effects that my dog might experience whilst taking Vetmedin?
Vetmedin for dogs is generally tolerated extremely well. On rare occasions, gastrointestinal side-effects may be seen such as vomiting or diarrhoea. If this happens or you are concerned about your dog for any reason, please contact your Vet for advice.
Vetmedin is used for the treatment of canine congestive heart failure originating from dilated cardiomyopathy or valvular insufficiency (mitral and/or tricuspid regurgitation). When Vetmedin for dogs is used in cases of valvular insufficiency in conjunction with frusemide the product has been shown to improve the quality of life and extend life expectancy in treated dogs. When Vetmedin is used in a limited number of cases of dilated cardiomyopathy in conjunction with frusemide, enalapril and digoxin, the product has been shown to improve the quality of life and to extend life expectancy in treated dogs.
Vetmedin for dogs is available as:
5mg Vetmedin Flavour Tablets
5mg Vetmedin Capsules
1.25mg Vetmedin Flavour Tablets
A Veterinary Pet Prescription is Required for Vetmedin
Vasotop are oblong flavoured tablets that are scored on both sides. Vasotop tablets are available in 1.25mg, 2.5mg and 5mg. Vasotop is used for the treatment of congestive heart failure in Dogs. Vasotop can be used in combination with diuretics and the cardiac glycosides, digoxin or methyl-digoxin. Administration of Vasotop in dogs with congestive heart failure improves cardiovascular function, the related clinical signs and the prognosis. Vasotop has also been shown to reduce the mortality rate among dogs with persistent or transient heart failure following an acute myocardial infarction.
Vetoryl Capsules are used for the treatment of Cushing's disease, also known as hyperadrenocorticism (excess production of corticosteroids from the adrenal glands) in dogs. Cushing's syndrome is one of the most commonly diagnosed canine endocrine disorders. Cushing’s syndrome is usually seen in older dogs and can be either spontaneous or iatrogenic.
This usually happens (in around 85% of cases) because the dog develops a very small, benign tumour at the base of the brain (within the pituitary gland). This hormone produces too much signaling hormone that, in turn, causes the adrenal glands to release excessive cortisol. The remaining 15% of cases are caused by tumours of the adrenal gland(s). Irrespective of the cause of cushing’s disease, treatment is often indicated to reduce the level of cortisol in your pet’s blood stream.
Symptoms of Cushings disease in Dogs include weight gain, hair loss, a pot-bellied appearance, increased thirst and urination. Cushing’s Disease is a common condition in older dogs and can also have a number of un-seen implications, such as a tendency to cause blood clots (blood becomes hyper-coaguable), breathlessness (because of calcification of the airways), liver changes and delayed wound healing. Cushings disease can also lead to diabetes melitus.
Vetoryl works by controlling the excess production of Cortisol, a hormone that regulates many body processes, and is released in increase amounts during stress. Vetoryl is not a cure for Cushing's Disease, but can help control the symptoms. Generally improvement will be seen in several weeks.
Each individual dog responds to Vetoryl differently, but the goal of therapy is to decrease the symptoms related to Cushing's disease (increased thirst and appetite, poor hair coat, etc.). In most cases, the Vetoryl therapy needs to be continued for the life of the dog. If Vetoryl is discontinued, signs will reappear.
Vetoryl capsules are given orally with food and should not be opened or split. Vetoryl may be used for treatment of both pituitary-dependent and adrenal-dependent cushings (hyperadrenocorticism) in dogs.
Vetoryl is available in the following strengths: 10mg Vetoryl Capsules, 30mg Vetoryl Capsules, 60mg Vetoryl Capsules & 120mg Vetoryl Capsules
A Veterinary Pet Prescription is required for Vetoryl
Cushing's disease or Cushing's syndrome in dogs is also known as hyperadrenocorticism, and is a condition that affects the body’s endocrine system, responsible for the metabolism of food.
Cushing's disease is caused by an increase of the body’s natural cortisone levels, a type of corticosteroid that is vital for normal function, but that can cause problems when too much cortisone is produced. A benign (non-cancerous) tumour or enlargement of the pituitary gland (which regulates cortisol production) is the most common cause of canine Cushing’s disease, and this in turn can affect a whole number of the body’s systems, which means that the symptoms of the disease can be very variable.
Cushing’s disease is one of the most common endocrine disorders that can arise within the dog, and so it is a good idea for all dog owners to gain a basic understanding of the condition, and learn to spot the potential symptoms of the condition.
What causes Cushing’s disease in dogs?
As mentioned, Cushing’s disease or hyperadrenocorticism in dogs is most commonly caused by a benign tumour of the pituitary gland, although malignant pituitary tumours may also cause the condition in a much smaller number of cases. Even less common still is an adrenal gland tumour, which in turn may be either benign or malignant.
Treatment with certain allergy medications or hormone replacement therapy for low cortisone levels can also lead to the later development of Cushing’s disease as a secondary side effect.
The symptoms of Cushing’s disease in dogs
A whole range of potential symptoms may be present in a dog with Cushing’s disease, and it is a good idea to familiarise yourself with the most common of these, so that you will be able to spot them should they occur. The most common symptoms of canine Cushing’s disease are:
• Excessive thirst.
• Excessive urination.
• Increased appetite.
• A pot-bellied appearance that is often mistaken for a significant intestinal worm infestation.
• Panting or rapid respiration rate when at rest.
• Weight gain.
• Low energy levels.
• Loss of fur.
• Muscle weakness.
• White, scaly patches of skin on the elbows.
• Thin, weak and easily bruised skin.
Diagnosing Cushing’s disease
In order to make a definitive diagnosis of Cushing’s disease in the dog, your vet will need to perform a full physical examination, and run blood and urine panels as well.
Once your vet has reached a diagnosis of Cushing’s disease in your dog, they will need to perform some additional tests to find out what is causing the condition, and investigate any tumours present to check whether or not they are malignant.
Can Cushing’s disease in dogs be cured or treated?
There are a variety of different ways of tackling Cushing’s disease in the dog, depending on what your vet identifies to be the root cause of the problem. If your vet identifies an adrenal tumour, generally this will need to be surgically removed, while for pituitary tumours, how your vet chooses to proceed will depend on whether the tumour is malignant or benign, and how easy it will be to potentially remove.
In the case of non-malignant tumours causing the condition, the most common course of treatment is medication to regulate the body’s cortisone production, and keep its production within normal, healthy parameters.
A medication called Vetoryl is the most commonly used and most effective medication used in the ongoing management of Cushing’s syndrome in dogs, and is suitable for the treatment of both pituitary-based and adrenal-based problems.
Managing Cushing’s disease
Once your dog has been diagnosed with Cushing’s disease and your vet has prescribed medications to correct the condition, you will need to administer the prescribed medication to your dog on a daily basis, to keep the condition in check. While testing and diagnosis of the condition in the first instance can be expensive, the cost of medications to regulate the condition generally amount to just a few pence per day.
Any medication to treat Cushing’s disease can have the potential to cause certain side effects in your dog as well, so it is important to keep an eye out for the possibility of adverse reactions to the medications, with some common side effects including loss of appetite, lethargy, and potentially, vomiting and/or diarrhoea.
While these side effects will often lessen in severity with time, it is important to talk to your vet if you run into any problems, as this may necessitate the medication being stopped, and potentially require the administration of Prednisolone tablet such as Prednicare in order to correct the problem.
Once your dog’s condition has stabilised and a course of regular medication has been found to be effective for your dog, you will need to schedule regular follow-up appointments with your vet every few months (or more frequently if your dog is having other problems) in order to assess the effectiveness of the medication, and how the condition is progressing.