Malaseb Shampoo is used for the treatment and control of seborrhoeic dermatitis associated with Malassezia pachydermatis andStaphylococcus intermedius in dogs. Malaseb Shampoo is used as an aid in the treatment of ringworm due to Microsporum canis in the cat in conjunction with griseofulvin.
Malaseb contains the active ingredient Chlorhexidine digluconate and is available in the following strengths: 250ml Malaseb Shampoo
A Veterinary Pet Prescription is required for Malaseb Shampoo
Meloxidyl Oral is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) for use in the alleviation of inflammation and pain in acute and chronic musculo-skeletal disorders in dogs. Vet Prescription Required
Meloxidyl contains the active ingredient meloxicam and is available in the following strengths: 10ml Meloxidyl, 32ml Meloxidyl and 100ml Meloxidyl
A Veterinary Pet Prescription is required for Meloxidyl
Marbocyl P is indicated in the treatment of skin and soft tissue infections in Cats and Dogs
Marbocyl P contains the active ingredient and is available in the following strengths: 5mg Marbocyl, 20mg Marbocyl and 80mg Marbocyl
A Veterinary Pet Prescription is required for Marbocyl P
Metacam (or meloxicam) is a pet prescription medication for dogs that can be prescribed by your vet for the treatment of painful, inflammatory conditions such as arthritis or soft tissue injuries in dogs.
Metacam is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). Metacam works by inhibiting an enzyme known as cyclooxygenase (particularly cyclooxygenase-2) that is responsible for prostaglandin synthesis. Because osteoarthritis is an inflammatory condition, Metacam and other NSAIDs are highly effective at controlling this form of pain and often bring much needed relief to a stiff and sore animal.
Many owners report that their pet has a 'new lease of life' following Metacam therapy. Metacam is most widely available in liquid form that is usually very palatable, and its taste is thought to be similar to that of honey!
Other formulations of Metacam include tablets and a liquid for injection. Osteoarthritis is a painful condition that can affect an animal's joints. Arthritis is often seen in older animals due to the aging process, although some younger pets may develop this condition as a consequence of other illnesses such as hip dysplasia or cruciate disease in dogs. Arthritic pain is also becoming increasingly diagnosed in cats, as we are progressively more able to identify symptoms of pain in this species.
If you suspect that your pet may be suffering from joint disease, it is important that you visit your Vet who may need to perform further tests to confirm the diagnosis. It may be necessary for your vet to take blood from your pet to ensure that any metacam prescription is appropriate in the first instance, and that it is not having a detrimental effect upon internal organs in the longer term.
Metacam oral suspension for cats is available in 15ml and Metacam oral suspension for dogs is available in 32ml, 100ml and 180ml bottle
A Veterinary Pet Prescription is required before we can dispense Metacam
Microbex Shampoo is for use in dogs for the treatment of Malassezia pachydermatis surface proliferation and the control of associated clinical signs
Microbex Shampoo contains the active ingredient chlorhexidine digluconate and is available in the following strengths: 200ml Microbex Shampoo
A Veterinary Pet Prescription is required for Microbex Shampoo
Milbemax is an oral broad-spectrum worming tablet for the treatment of mixed infections with roundworms, hookworms, whipworms and tapeworms, reduction in the level of infection of lungworms and the prevention of heartworm disease in dogs if concomitant treatment against cestodes is indicated.
Milbemax is a highly effective broad-spectrum treatment. With its fast and direct gastrointestinal action, Milbemax effectively removes worm burden in infected dogs. It is effective against adult cestodes and nematodes. Milbemax Chewable tablets for dogs are uniquely formulated with Easychew Technology to make worming more of a treat.
The soft chewable tablets are chicken flavoured and over 94% of dogs accept them straight from the hand. Because Milbemax is an oral treatment it ensures that the right dose is delivered straight to the intestinal tract, making it a direct and mess-free option for owners and pets.
Milbemax contains the active ingredients Milbemycin oxime and Praziquantel
A Veterinary Pet Prescription is required for Milbemax
Nelio tablets are indicated for the treatment of heart failure in dogs and chronic renal insufficiency in cats. The active ingredient of Nelio is benazepril. Nelio is available as 5mg Nelio Tablets and 20mg Nelio Tablets
Nelio reduces the constriction of both arteries and veins (and so lowers blood pressure and improves kidney function), reduces the retention of sodium and water by the kidney (something that contributes to the signs of heart failure) and helps to prevent some of the changes that occur to the anatomy of the heart in cases of heart failure. In dogs with heart failure, Nelio reduces the blood pressure and volume load on the heart. Nelio produces an extension of the life span and also improves clinical signs, notably reduction in coughing, and improvement to the quality of life. In cats with chronic renal insufficiency Nelio reduces the protein loss in urine and reduces systemic and intraglomerular blood pressure.
Nelio increases the appetite, quality of life and survival time of the cats, particularly in advanced disease. Nelio should be given orally once daily, with or without food. The duration of treatment is unlimited. The dose of Nelio may be doubled, still administered once daily, if judged clinically necessary and advised by your veterinary surgeon.
Nelio is only available with a written Veterinary Prescription
Nisamox Tablets are an antibiotic used for treatment of the certain bacterial infections
Nisamox contains the active ingredients Amoxicillin and Clavulanic acid and is available in the following strengths: 50mg Nisamox, 250mg Nisamox and 500mg Nisamox
A Veterinary Pet Prescription is required for Nisamox
Noroclav tablets contain the antibiotics amoxycillin and clavulanic acid, which are used to treat wide range of bacterial infections in dogs, including infections of the skin, urinary and respiratory tract and digestive system.
Noroclav is available in the following strengths: 50mg Noroclav, 250mg Noroclav and 500mg Noroclav
A Veterinary Pet Prescription is required for Noroclav
Onsior is a new fast-acting pain reliever which concentrates at the site of inflammation. Onsior is available as both an injectable solution and flavoured tablets. Onsior is the first and only coxib NSAID (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug) for the relief of pain and inflammation in both cats and dogs. Onsior targets the pain-causing COX-2 enzymes while sparing the protective actions of COX-1 and is the only coxib licensed for cats as well as dogs. Tissue selectivity is a further benefit of Onsior. The drug travels rapidly through the bloodstream to the site of injury or irritation. It then concentrates at the point of inflammation, while exiting the bloodstream very quickly. Dosed once daily, Onsior has an excellent safety profile and fits different administration routes with pain and inflammatory indications Onsior Flavoured tablets, for pain and inflammation related to chronic osteoarthritis in dogs or acute pain and inflammation associated with musculoskeletal disorders in cats Onsior injectable solution for surgery (soft tissue in cats and soft tissue or orthopaedic surgery in dogs)
Onsior contains the active ingredient Robenacoxib and is available in the following strengths: 5mg Onsior, 10mg Onsior, 20mg Onsior and 40mg Onsior
A Veterinary Pet Prescription is required for Onsior
What is Optimmune?
Optimmune eye ointment for dogs contains Cyclosporin A as its active ingredient. Optimmune is a prescription only medicine, usually prescribed for dogs that are suffering from a condition known as dry eye or keratoconjunctivitis sicca.?
How does Optimmune work?
Optimmune works by suppressing the ability of the immune system to function within the eye. This specifically reduces the function of T lymphocytes and the immune-mediated destruction of the tear gland.
What is Optimmune used for?
Optimmune is used for the treatment of chronic, recurrent conjunctivitis resulting from autoimmune disease of the eye. Optimmune is indicated for the therapeutic treatment of Keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS, ‘dry eye’) and chronic superficial keratitis (‘pannus’) in the dog. Optimmune be used to augment topical corticosteroids or as a substitute for corticosteroids when these are contraindicated by corneal ulceration.
What is Dry Eye or Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca (KCS)?
Dry eye or KCS occurs when dogs are unable to produce the watery, aqueous layer that makes up part of the tear film. This results in the cornea (at the front of the eye) becoming dry and inflamed and can even lead to the development of corneal ulcers. Often, animals that are suffering from dry eye will have dull, red eyes with a thick, mucous discharge forming at the corner of the eye. In severe cases, if left untreated, affected animals may lose some or all of their vision. Dry eye is thought to affect 1 in every 22 dogs in the UK. There are several different causes of dry eye, however the most common cause is thought to be immune-mediated destruction of the tear gland. This occurs when your dog's immune system changes and starts to recognise the tear-producing cells as being foreign. Optimmune contains cyclosporin (an immunosuppressive drug) that reduces the immune-mediated destruction of tear glands, allowing your dog to naturally produce the aqueous component of the tear film. This is essential in keeping the eye lubricated and protected from infection and inflammation.
Which Breeds Are Most Susceptible to Dry Eye?
Any breed of dog can develop dry eye, however the following breeds seem more susceptible than others: • English Cocker Spaniel • West Highland White Terrier • Cavalier King Charles Spaniel • Shih-Tzu
How Should Optimmune be used?
You should always follow the advice of your Vet when using Optimmune. Unfortunately, dry eye is often a life-long condition that cannot be cured and requires continual medication. It is important to continue with optimmune unless told otherwise by your vet, even if your dog's eyes appear to have improved. Generally, most dogs are initially started on twice daily treatment and around 5mm of optimmune paste (about the size of a grain of rice) is required. Gloves should be worn when handling this product. Increased tear production is expected within 10 days of treatment, although maximal levels may not be reached until 6 weeks following treatment. Your Vet may also prescribe other drugs such as steroids for their anti-inflammatory effects, and antibiotics to clear up infections. Artificial tears may also be recommended to make the eye feel more comfortable. None of these treatments will however, treat the underlying cause which is the destruction of tear glands by the immune system. Optimmune is the only product that can achieve this goal.
A Veterinary Prescription is Required for Optimmune
Ovarid is a potent progestagen with marked anti-oestrogenic properties. It is recommended for administration by the oral route in bitches for the postponement or prevention of oestrus and the treatment of hypersexuality which may be manifest as undesirable behaviour in male dogs. In cats it is recommended for prevention or postponement of oestrus and the treatment of miliary dermatitis and eosinophilic granulomata.
Ovarid contains the active ingredient Megestrol acetate and is available in the following strengths: 5mg Ovarid for Cats and 20mg Ovarid for Dogs
A Veterinary Pet Prescription is required for Ovarid
Oxycare is an antibiotic for the treatment of dogs with bacterial infections sensitive to tetracycline therapy. Soft-tissue infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus or Streptococcus spp. have been shown to be highly sensitive to Oxycare. Respiratory infections caused by Bordetella bronchiseptica are also commonly sensitive.
Oxycare contains the active ingredient Oxytetracycline Dihydrate and is available in the following strengths: 50mg Oxycare, 100mg Oxycare and 250mg Oxycare
A Veterinary Pet Prescription is required for Oxycare
Prednisolone is used as an anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic agent for use in cats and dogs
Prednisolone contains the active ingredient 'Prednisolone' and is available in the following strengths: 1mg Prednisolone and 5mg Prednisolone
A Veterinary Pet Prescription is required for Prednisolone
Predno-Leucotropin is used for the treatment of osteoarthritis in dogs
PLT Tablets contains the active ingredients Cinchophen and Prednisolone
A Veterinary Pet Prescription is required for PLT Tablets
Heart failure is a condition which is seen relatively frequently in dogs. Prilactone is available on prescription and is often used alongside other heart medicaions in dogs to control some of the symptoms of congestive heart failure. These symptoms include a tendency towards reduced exercise tolerance and increased tiredness, increased panting and the effort required to breath is often exhagerated. Some dogs may also cough or show enlargement of the tummy. Affected dogs may also begin to lose weight. Prilactone is used in combination with standard therapy (including diuretic support, where necessary) for the treatment of congestive heart failure caused by valvular regurgitation in dogs. Prilactone is known as a potassium-sparing diuretic and is sometimes used in combination with other diuretics suct as frusemide if there is concern regarding low potassium levels. However, another important reason for using prilactone is for the beneficial effects that it has upon cardiac remodelling. As the heart tissue becomes diseased, (e.g through problems with the valves), the cells making up the heart muscle (myocardium) can undergo changes that make them less capable of performing their normal function - this change is known as fibrosis. Prilactone reduces fibrosis and has been shown to improve and extend the quality of life of dogs with heart failure that is caused by mitral valve disease.
Prilactone contains the active ingredient Spironolactone and is available in the following strengths: 10mg Prilactone, 40mg Prilactone and 80mg Prilactone
A Veterinary Pet Prescription is required for Prilactone
Propalin Syrup is used for the treatment of urinary incontinence associated with urethral sphincter incompetence in the bitch.
Urinary incontinence is an involuntary loss of urine that can occur in the dog at any age and in either sex. It is particularly common in the elderly bitch. You may have been finding patches of urine where your dog has been lying, or in other places around the house. This ‘leaking’ is not under conscious control and requires treatment, not punishment
There are many factors which may contribute to urinary incontinence, including anatomy, being spayed, breed, age, size or weight. Urine is contained within the bladder and is prevented from leaking out by the urethral sphincter, which largely consists of muscle. The activity of the muscle is regulated by nerves which have both conscious and unconscious control. The sphincter normally remains closed until the animal consciously decides to urinate. However, if the sphincter is lax, as occurs in incontinence, urine will leak out. Although your dog will still be able to urinate at will, there may be a leakage of urine over which she has no control. This may, understandably, distress both you and your pet, as well as smelling unpleasant and possibly leading to further problems, such as scalding or infection around the rear end.
Propalin Syrup contains phenylpropanolamine hydrochloride. Phenylpropanolamine acts to increase the tone in muscles that make up the urethral sphincter. It does this by mimicking the action of the nerves which are responsible for the tone of the muscles. The increase in tone results in a tightening of the urethra so preventing leakage of urine.
A Veterinary Pet Prescription is Required for Propalin
Program Plus is indicated for the prevention of fleas and/or treatment of adult stages of gastrointestinal nematodes such as hookworms, roundworms and whipworms in dogs.
Program Plus contains the active ingredients milbemycin oxime and lufenuron and is available in four different sizes.
A Veterinary Pet Prescription is required for Program Plus
Posatex Treatment of acute otitis externa and acute exacerbations of recurrent otitis externa, associated with bacteria susceptible to orbifloxacin and fungi susceptible to posaconazole, in particular Malassezia pachydermatis
Posatex contains the active ingredients orbifloxacin, mometasone furoate and posaconazole and is available in the following sizes: 17.5ml Posatex and 35ml Posatex
A Veterinary Pet Prescription is required for Posatex
What is Prascend for horses?
Prascend Tablets contain 1mg Pergolide. 1mg Prascend is used as a treatment for cushings disease in horses. A small benign tumour in the pituitary gland causes an increased release of cortisol from the adrenal glands causing equine Cushing’s syndrome.
How does Prascend Equine work?
Pergolide is a synthetic ergot derivative and is a potent dopamine receptor agonist. As with other dopamine agonists, pergolide inhibits the release of prolactin. In horses with PPID, pergolide is believed to exert its therapeutic effect by stimulating dopamine receptors, and has been shown to decrease the plasma levels of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), melanocyte stimulating hormone (MSH), and other pro-opiomelanocortin peptides?
What is Horse Prascend used for?
Prascend tablets are used to control equine Cushing's disease (also referred to as hyperadrenocorticism). Cushings disease in horses can cause many symptoms. Clasically horses become more hairy and require more clipping than usual. Affected horses often develop a pot-bellied type appearance and can develop fat pads around the face and eyes in particular. Cushingoid horses are also more prone to lameness, laminitis is a particular problem. Other symptoms include an increased thirst and appetite, increased urination and increased infections. For example, wounds may take longer to heal than would be expected. Clinical improvement with Prascend is expected within 6 to 12 weeks. Some horses may respond clinically at lower or varying doses, and it is recommended to titrate to the lowest effective dose per individual based on response to therapy, whether it is effectiveness or signs of intolerance. A small number of horses may require doses as high as 10 µg/kg per day. In these rare situations, appropriate additional monitoring should be implemented. ?
How is Prascend given?
Prascend tablets may be administered orally by dissolving the tablet with a small amount of water and/or mixing with molasses or other sweetener; taking care to rinse the dosing apparatus with water to ensure entire dose of prascend is administered; use immediately. Most horses respond to prascend therapy and are stabilised at an average dose of 2 µg/kg.
How is horse Cushings diagnosed?
In some cases, vets may make a diagnosis of Cushings based simply on a clinical examination and an appreciation of the medical history of the horse or pony. In many cases however, your vet will want to take one or more blood samples from your horse in order to measure blood levels of various hormones or markers. The results of these tests can then be compared to "normal" ranges for the horse population, to confirm the presence of absence of the disease. Although a range of blood tests are available to assist the diagnosis and monitoring of cushings, the two most commonly used tests are: the Resting ACTH test – where a single blood sample is taken to measure the level of the hormone ACTH which is abnormally high in untreated cushings cases the Low dose Dexamethasone suppression test – where blood samples are taken before and after administration of a small dose of dexamethasone, to look for a "normal" response.
Prascend is available in 1mg tablet form
Prascend is a POM-V medication. A veterinary prescription must be provided prior to dispatch.
Pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction (PPID) is more commonly known as Cushing’s disease, and is a condition that can affect a wide range of mammals including horses. The condition in horses and ponies is caused when a tumour (known as a pituitary adenoma) develops in the pituitary gland, which interferes with the gland’s natural regulation of a stress hormone called cortisol. Cushing’s disease leads to the body producing an excess of cortisol, a naturally produced corticosteroid, which has a range of wide-reaching and varied effects on the body.
If your horse or pony has been diagnosed with PPID, it is important to learn about the basics of the condition, and also a good idea for all riders and horse and pony owners to be able to identify the symptoms of the condition. We will cover these factors in more detail within this article.
What are the symptoms of pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction in horses and ponies?
PPID or Cushing’s disease is more common in ponies than in horses, but all equines (including donkeys) may potentially develop the condition. The symptoms of the condition can be very slow in developing, but usually worsen over time. The core symptoms of the condition to be on the lookout for include:
How is PPID in horses and ponies diagnosed?
If you spot any of the above symptoms in your horse or pony, particularly if they progressively worsen over time, it is important to get your vet to come and check your horse over in order to get a firm diagnosis, and rule out other potential causes.
Your vet will talk to you about the symptoms that you have identified, examine your horse’s clinical history, and perform a full physical exam on your horse too. Generally, your vet will also need to take a blood sample from your horse and run a complete blood panel to diagnose the condition definitively, and work out the best way to proceed with treatment.
Can PPID be cured or treated?
Pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction or Cushing’s disease cannot be reversed or cured per se, but there are a variety of options available to you to manage the condition, improve your horse’s quality of life, and keep the disorder in check.
A medication called Prascend is one of the most commonly prescribed medications, which serves to regulate the pituitary gland’s cortisol production and keep it under control, and this medication needs to be given daily by mouth. Once treatment begins to take effect, your vet may review or reduce the dosage that your horse is given.
Other medications may be considered too, including Bromocriptine and Cyproheptadine, although these are not as popular or generally, as effective as Prascend.
Managing PPID after diagnosis
Once your horse or pony has been diagnosed with PPID, your vet will usually need to return to see your horse every few months to check the progression of the condition and how effective their medication is proving to be, and make any adjustments as needed. It is important that a horse or pony with PPID is kept at a suitable weight, as obesity and weight problems can exacerbate the condition. This may mean that horses that are usually kept partially or fully out on grass will be unable to graze freely after diagnosis.
PPID also serves to weaken the immune system of the horse on the whole, and so it is vitally important to check your horse over daily for scratches or other minor injuries, and these must be scrupulously cleaned and taken care of to minimise the possibility of an infection developing.
PPID also makes affected horses and ponies particularly prone to laminitis, which again, means that it is important to keep your horse’s weight under control and keep them away from lush, green pasture. You should inform your farrier of your horse’s diagnosis, as this information will help them to take proper care of your horse’s hooves, and spot the early signs of an impending problem.
Even if your horse or pony is not shod, it is important to arrange farrier visits regularly, in order to improve the chances of your farrier picking up on a problem early on.
When PPID has been brought under control and your horse or pony returns to their previous good condition, they should still be able to be ridden or otherwise work normally, providing that the rider makes allowances for the condition, and is alert to the signs of impending problems.
What is Previcox?
Previcox (or Firocoxib) is a POM-V category medicine that can be prescribed by your vet for the treatment of painful, inflammatory conditions such as arthritis or soft tissue injuries. Previcox is most widely available in tablet form that is usually very palatable. Previcox is available in 57mg or 227mg chewable tablet.
How Does Previcox work?
Previcox works by inhibiting the cell's production of chemicals that trigger inflammation
What is Previcox used for?
Previcox is useful in relieving the inflammation and pain associated with osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis (Arthritis) is a painful condition that can affect an animal's joints. Arthritis is often seen in older animals due to the aging process, although some younger pets may develop this condition as a consequence of other illnesses such as hip dysplasia or cruciate disease in dogs.
How is Previcox Administered?
Previcox is given by mouth. It may be given with food to reduce the chance of stomach/intestinal side effects. Always follow the dosage instructions provided by your Vet. If you have difficulty giving the medication, contact your Vet for advice. Previcox should only be given to the pet for which it was prescribed. For long-term use, use the lowest dose needed to provide relief.
Previcox is available in strengths of 57mg Previcox and 227mg Previcox
A Veterinary Pet Prescription is Required for Previcox
Pexion tablets are used to control primary ideopathic epilepsy in dogs. Pexion acts on specific receptors found within the brain to reduce the amount of excessive electrical activity that precipitates epileptic seizures. Pexion tablets have a number of advantages over other medications required to control epilepsy in dogs and is generally well-tolerated.
Pexion contains the active ingredient imepitoin and is available in the following strengths: 100mg Pexion and 400mg Pexion
A Veterinary Pet Prescription is required for Pexion